The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

When Did the Holocaust Occur?

You could say that the HOLOCAUST went on for many, many years (survivors of the WAR suffered for long after the war ended, their families murdered, and they had no where safe to go) but the actual war went from 1939-1945.

The image “http://samueljscott.files.wordpress.com/2007/04/holocaust.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
The image “http://samueljscott.files.wordpress.com/2007/04/holocaust.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
external image
external image

Who were the victims; Who were the victimizers?

Of the 11 million people killed during the Holocaust, six million were Polish citizens. Three million were Polish Jews and another three million were Polish Christians and Catholics. Most of the remaining mortal victims were from other countries including Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Russia, Holland, France and even Germany. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi army were the people who carried out the slaughter.The European Jews were the primary victims of the Holocaust. But Jews were not the only group singled out for persecution by Hitler’s Nazi regime. As many as one-half million Gypsies, at least 250,000 mentally or physically disabled persons, and more than three million Soviet prisoners-of-war also fell victim to Nazi genocide. Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, Social Democrats, Communists, partisans, trade unionists, Polish intelligentsia and other undesirables were also victims of the hate and aggression carried out by the Nazis.


Why did the holocaust occur?

There were many factors contributing to the Holocaust, such as anti-Semitism, Demonization, Versailles Treaty, economic displacements of the Weimar Republic, but Hitler's mental health was the Direct Cause of the Holocaust. There is circumstantial evidence that Hitler was afflicted with disease called "General Paresis", causing his paranoia, megalomania, delusions, flight from reality, and all those symptoms that provide the only rational explanation of the insane killings.

external image holocaust_fig_10.jpg

Where did the Holocaust Occur?

The slaughter was systematically conducted in virtually all areas of Nazi-occupied territory in what are now 35 separate European countries. It was at its worst in Central and Eastern Europe, which had more than seven million Jews in 1939. About five million Jews were killed there, including three million in occupied Poland, and over one million in the Soviet Union. Hundreds of thousands also died in the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, and Greece. The Wannsee Protocol makes clear that the Nazis also intended to carry out their "final solution of the Jewish question" in Britain and Ireland.

external image buchenwald5.jpg

What were the effects of the Holocaust?

The Nazi Holocaust has had continuing and widely reverberating consequences not only for the Jewish survivors but for the world at large. These consequences are detailed, first through a personal account of an Auschwitz survivor, and then through a discussion of the adaptive measures of concentration camp inmates and the long-term psychiatric and psychological effects on survivors and their families. The Survivor or Concentration Camp Syndrome and its relationship to the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is described. Indirect effects of the Holocaust have been manifested in various ways, particularly through various levels of psychologic denial displayed by Holocaust criminals and (at least during the early postwar period) by the German public. The Holocaust has had profound effects on the ways the Jewish people regard themselves and are seen by others. Finally, the Holocaust can be seen as offering a kind of paradigmatic signature to the worldview of the end of the 20th century, emphasizing the persistence of evil and the limitation

external image 05-0512.jpg

What were the methods of the Genocide?

The Nazis burned bodies, brutally beat them, starved them to death, put them in gas chambers that was supposed to hold only half of the Jews that they put in there at one time, shot them, and worked them to death.

external image holocaust00_1.jpg

What were the National and International
responses to the Holocaust?

In the decades since the Holocaust, some national governments, international bodiesworld leaders have been criticized for their failure to take appropriate action to save the millions of European Jews, Roma, homosexualsvictims of the Holocaust. Critics say that such intervention, particularly by the. Allied governments, might have saved substantial numbers of people and could have been accomplished without the diversion of significant resources from the war effort. Other researchers have challenged such criticism. Some have argued that the idea that the Allies took no action is a myth — that the Allies accepted as many German Jewish immigrants as the Nazis would allow — and that theoretical military action by the Allies, such as bombing the and other
and Auschwitz concentration camp, would have saved the lives of very few people. Others have said that the limited intelligence available to the Allies — who, as late as October 1944, did not know the locations of many of the Nazi death camps or the purposes of the various buildings within those camps they had identified — made precision bombing
In three cases, entire countries resisted the deportation of their Jewish population during the Holocaust. In other countries, notable individuals or communities created resistance during

~ Thou shalt not be a victim. Thou shalt not be a perpetrator. Above all, thou shalt not be a bystander. ~ -Holocaust Museum, Washington, DC